What Is The Takwa Settlement History Essay

The Takwa dregs is situated on the south attention of Manda Island, in the Lamu Confine in the penetratingboardal dopenetrating of Kenya. They are the debris of a Muslim thave which was frantic encircling the 18th senility.

The Takwa colcolony can be easely obtained from Lamu town. The debris were principal pitted by James Kirkromance in 1951. In 1972 the colcolony was apparented repeatedly underneathneath the supervision of James de Vere Grossen, the Curator of the Lamu Museum.

Takwa was never a liberal attribute. It was builded encircling year 1500, and probably frantic encircling 1700. Kirkromance opinion that it was perchance a attribute were saintly society or saintly polity retreated. The Magnanimous Mosque at Takwa is proportionately polite-mannered-mannered guardd. The other texture fostering of consequence is the Post Crypt, which has an commemoration with the limit of 1681-1682. It is reputed that when Takwa was frantic, its populace fixed orderly facing the cove at Shela on Lamu Island. Twice a year the polity of Shela folgentle to the Post Crypt in Takwa to beseech restraint rain. (Martin, p. 27) The Takwa Debris were determined a Kenyan Exoteric Relic in 1982.

mu Archipelago

From Wikipedia, the operating encyclopedia

Lamu Archipelago

Map of Kenya showing the islands

Lamu Island

Lamu Town â€ â€¢

Shela

Matondoni

Kipangani

Manda Island

Manda Thave ‡

Takwa â€¡

Manda Airport

Pate Island

Faza †

Pate Town

–Rulers of Pate

—- Bwana Mkuu

—- Bwana Tamu

—- Fumo Madi

Siyu

Kizingitini

Shanga ‡

Kiwayu Island

† Administrative Capital

‡ Archaeological site

• Universe Entailment Collocation

The Lamu Archipelago is located in the Indian Penetrating suppress to the northern penetratingboard of Kenya, to which it belongs. The islands sulk betwixt the towns of Lame and Kiunga, suppress to the edge with Somalia, and is a grossot of Lamu Confine.

The liberalst of the islands are Pate Island, Manda Island and Lamu Island. Paltryer islands embody Kiwayu, which sulks in the Kiunga Marine Exoteric Reserve, and Manda Toto. Today the liberalst thave in the archipelsince is Lamu Town, on Lamu Island. The thave is on the Universe Entailment Register.

The archipelsince contains different archaeological/truthful collocations of magnanimous judgment, such as Takwa and Manda Town (twain on Manda Island) and Shanga (on Pate Island). Some possess been grossotially pitted in superveneing years, shedding essential innovating unsubstantial on Swahili narrative and amelioration.

The islands are reputed to be single of the westernmost ports of wheedle of the magnanimous Chinese fleet of Zheng He, or polite-balanced to be the hanging attribute of a debris of single of his ships. No frequented decolcolony has remainently been disdressed of his investigate, although it is unreserved that he investigateed Mombasa, raise dhave the Kenyan penetratingboard, in encircling 1415.

[edit]References

Allen, James de Vere: Lamu, with an sequel on Archaeological finds from the country of Lamu by H. Neville Chittick. Nairobi: Kenya Exoteric Museums.

Lamu thave is the senile-antiqueest barringtress Swahili thave in Kenya, resembling to others such as Zanzibar in Tanzania. The thave limits tail to at decisive the 12th senility. Since this brace Lamu has flourished as a maribrace trading capital whose penetrating population, the Swahili, affianced in interpolitical encroachment, fishing and remoteming. The erection of Lamu is uncommbarely Swahili, with its cramped streets, storied fabrics, intricately atwist copeen doors and luteous mosques.

Lamu is so uncommon in that it is multitude to three museums and a Restraintt with an great sight interval, namely: Lamu Museum, Lamu Restraintt ,Gerromance Support Duty Museum, and Swahili Branch Museum. Lamu Museum can collocate guided tours to different archaeological and truthful collocations, whether to neighbouring Romanceda Island or raise afield to Pate Island, where the debris of the restraintemost unreserved Swahili dregs of Shanga – limitd to the 8th senility AD – can be investigateed.

Lamu Society

The Lamu Society was restraintmed in the existing 1980s to give a restraintum restraint ideas and projects that would tolerate the keeping of the island polity’s chronicled embodied amelioration. The Society has been instrumental in exaltation funds and helpful in the labor required to instrument, guard and reinstate sides of precedent brace ages and herefollowing in the crop of the Lamu Museum.

The Society’s generalations capital on the narrative and security of the island’s cultural entailment, whilst its interrupted innovatingsletter informs members environing polite-balancedts and ongoing sides of attention.

Saintly Capital

Since the 19th senility Lamu has been cherished as an essential saintly capital in East Africa. Every year, thousands of pilgrims from the country crowd to Lamu thave restraint the famous Maulidi, or Milad-un-Nabi, commemorations that are held during the third month of the Muslim flourish to sign the rise of the Prophet Muhammed. The East AfricanMaulidi is appreciated to possess been orderly by Habib Swaleh Jamalely, a Comorian Arab who emigrated to Lamu and orderly himself as a disciple and doctor of unwritten Arabic antidote. He was a godly romance whose deeds are peaceful emulated today, as exemplified by Maulidi. The Maulidi celebrations are unreserved to inducement polity from as remote as the Comoros, Sudan and Democratic Regeneral of Congo.

Lamu Entailment Attractions

Lamu is a dominant cultural capital estimable restraint its chronicled departed and unwritten socio-cultural layss. As such investigateors to Lamu can relish a liberal and multitudinous assembly of entailment and cultural attractions. At the conpure dullten, Lamu has the unpremeditatedscourings of romancey entailment collocations. These collocate from towns, love Shanga, Paté and Romanceda to hundreds of relics, love Siyu Restraintt. Some of these collocations, such as Romanceda, are amply unreserved, occasion others are located in turbid vegetation making path intricate. The crop of path to these areas is currently nature subjoinressed by the collocation’s romanceagement team.

Lamu was registered as a Universe Entailment Colcolony on the 14 December 2001. This landsign status came superveneing 28 years of severe keeping of Lamu Senile-antique Town. As a exoteric relic the thave has romancey attractive architectural diagnosiss, unequalled by any other Swahili thave parallel the East African littoral. The senile-antique thave has approximately 532 branchs. Environing 496 of these branchs are secretly haveed, 23 are weighed general and 13 are saintly fabrics penetratingly mosques.

The thave has survived the urgency of novel-fangled perdition and crop by twain council and retired developers. The town’s polite-mannered-conserved architectural beting of cramped streets, separated by obstructs of successiond branchs, has fascinated romancey investigateors. Perchance of most request are the stsingle ramparted branchs in which dull roofs are befriended by painted romancegrove poles.

The toward of a natural Lamu branch is separated by brace or three hanker galleries, with at decisive single or brace self-contained rooms. The ramparts are dressed with geometric cobble designs and ramdisunite niches. Lamu thave has different fabrics of consequence including the Lamu Restraintt and Yumbe the restraintmer branch of a Lamu Sultan. Aattention from Lamu’s tangible entailment the thave has a superb barringtress amelioration. Restraint closely a senility, each flourish year sees Lamu flooded with saintly tourists from facing the sphere, here to heed the received Maulidi Treat.

Environing 20,000 saintly tourists folgentle to the thave to heed this Treat, during the Islamic month of Rabil awal. The summit of the Maulidi commemorations supervenes in the conclusive week of this month. At this brace different unwritten Swahili jumps from the neighbouring towns of Paté, Siyu, Ndau, Faza and Matondoni are multitudeed at the Riadha Mosque facts to ammanifestation the pilgrims. Taking custom of the dull week of mfungo sita, (Rabil awal) Lamu Museum so collocates a succession of cultural polite-balancedts, such as unwritten dhow races, bao games, donkey races, henna painting and Islamic wheedleigraphy emulations.

Typically during the month of August, though sometimes take-placering superveneing in the year, Lamu’s succor liberal treat is held. The Lamu Cultural Treat is organised by the Lamu Cultural Promotion Bunch. It is a three-day Swahili cultural treat that combines unwritten jumps, indoor and outdoor cultural activities and an sight of Lamu’s superb embodied amelioration. The Cultural Treat, love the Maulidi, so draws crowds as liberal as 20,000.

Lamu Senile-antique Town’s museums and restraintt are penetratingtained and romanceaged by the Exoteric Museums of Kenya. These are: the Lamu Museum, unreserved restraint its exquicolcolony Swahili ethnography exhibits; the Swahili Branch Museum, a reinstated 18th senility branch, cogitation the animation of bountiful Lamu Swahilis; the Lamu Restraintt, built in 1814 by Bwana Zeid Ngumi the decisive Sultan of Lamu; and the Gerromance Support Duty Museum, showing the support duty when it was operational in the advanced 19-20 th Senility.

Lamu’s embodied amelioration is best shhave by its atwist doors and unwritten effects which can be examinationed gross aggravate the town. There are closely 18 copecarving laborshops in Lamu penetratingly conceding Swahili doors, effects and paltryer artefacts, such as the miniature dhows that are received with tourists. Single of the busiest laborshops in the thave is the Skanda Copecarving Laborshop, this was unreserveded environing 50 years since and is credited with having trained hundreds of copecarvers who are now unbound gross aggravate Kenya’s elder towns. Investigateors are welfolgentle to examination copecarving classes at the laborshops. There are so benefaction and curio shops unbound encircling the Senile-antique Town, selling attribute persomal items.

Single of the discusss restraint Lamu’s commemoration on the UNESCO entailment register is its uncommon collective-cultural animation, which has abideed proportionately illegitimate restraint centuries. A unwrittenly unrepealed animationstyle is peaceful penetratingtained by romancey Lamu branchholds. Lamu’s feminine Muslim population peaceful predominately wear bui bui’s, and donkeys repenetrating the elder restraintm of rapture in the town.

The debris of Takwa are located on Romanceda Island, a 30 diminutive boat ride from Lamu town. Here single can spectator the unpremeditatedscourings of a monied 16th senility Swahili trading support. Unordered the further not attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributableable indications at Takwa is the uncommon Friday Mosque with a liberal post aculmination the qibla rampart; occasion the judgment of the post is not attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable unreserved with unquestionableness, some appreciate it to symbolise the inhumation of a Sheikh underneath the rampart. A day’s investigate is wholly a uncommon test, and can be complimented by a picnic or aggravatenight camping.

 

 

Location 

The debris of Takwa are located on the southeastern cavity of Romanceda Island oppocolcolony Lamu. A 30 diminutive boat ride from Lamu Town. Its geographical residuum on map is at Grid Regard 186 476, Sheet 180/4. 

Truthful tailground 

Takwa debris are the unpremeditatedscourings of a monied 15th and 16th senility Swahili trading thave precedently it was frantic in the seventeenth senility. It is not attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable barely essential accordingly of its age of encroachment barring so accordingly of its condensed dregs and its proportionately polite-mannered-mannered guardd unpremeditatedscourings. The uncommon Friday Mosque with a liberal post a culmination the qibla ramdisunite is unordered the most not attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributableable indications. This post is appreciated to symbolize the inhumation of a Sheikh be gentle the rampart. 

The colcolony of the colcolony at the crampedest residuum on the gross island, was most probably a temporization. Takwa’s collocation/residuum with shalgentle imparts must possess been of extensive consequence chiefly during its peak, when romancey of the sails that came into examination were lovely to be multitudeile. Therefore path to the colcolony must possess been primarily from the shalgentle document which could barely further vessels of shalgentle draw. 

Takwa polite-balancedtual undisguise in the 17th senility was attributable to salination of the unintermittently blooming imdisunite and imperishable contending betwixt Takwa and Pate polity. These debris were gazetted as a Exoteric Relic in 1982 in Gazette not attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributableice No. 1514. At give, Takwa is unreserved daily to the General. It is a very gratifying attribute restraint a surroundingsal investigate, which can be complimented by a picnic and aggravatenight camping.

Takwa is a dregs betwixt three hundred and five hundred years senile-antique unmodified by superveneing erections. The unpremeditatedscourings of the ramparted stsingle thave of Takwa are located at a apex where Romanceda Island is closely bisected by a tidal document flanked by romancegroves. Although Takwa is located barely lacking hundred animationers from the penetrating, there is neither a good-natured-natured harbour nor protected anchorage on the penetrating attention. The shalgentle document was lovely the best path to the collocation, as it is today, although barely restraint vessels of shalgentle draw when the inundations are adjuvant.

A elder side of the dregs is the thave rampart, of coral rag erection, which rose to a ample altitude of environing three animationers and is best examinationed consecrated in the southern areas of the collocation. The unpremeditatedscourings of Takwa among the ramdisunite caggravate environing 5 hectares and remain of a mosque, branchs, a polite-mannered-mannered and textures with perchance saintly or interchangeable functions. In analysis, there are the intervals created by the residuum of textures, such as courtyards, streets and other unreserved areas. Gross textures were built of coral rag, quarried persomally, and be in mortar made of universe, sand and lime.

The street, although obscured by rubble today, is weighty restraint the similarity of thave artificening complicated: at decisive five branchs with attentions on the street are frequentedly aligned with it, and gross in the artifice are improbable by it. Lovewise the street qualitative south frequentedly to the mosque is orientated with an hallucination of close than single measure unpremeditated coeval magnetic north – tightly an surroundings. It is intehanging to weigh that upon leaving the mosque, the firm stepped onto a street aimed frequentedly at Mecca.

Post crypts are single of the uncommon architectural indications of the East African penetratingboard, and Takwa is orderlyifiably unreserved restraint its pure in, located orderly a lacking animationers departed the north gate. An inscribed obstruct is be into the north visage of the crypt rampart. The obstruct wheedles to Grossah, Muhammed, and the principal immodest caliphs, AbuBakar, ‘Umar, ‘Uthromance and ‘Ali. At the groundwork of the commemoration is the Arabic limit 1094, which measures that romancey years from Muhammed’s hijrah, or actuate, from Mecca to Medina in A.D. 622. As the Muslim year 1094 began on December 31, 1682, this limit corresponds to the Christian year 1683. The crypt is peaceful weighed consecrated to the Muslim polity of Shela, some of whom are appreciated to possess folgentle from Takwa and who investigate the crypt twice a year to beseech restraint rain.

The Takwa mosque is located close the geographical capital of the collocation, cogitation the convenient attribute of Islam in the saintly and collective animation of romancey in the polity. The mosque is characterized by an uncommon and wonderful post, which rises from the capital of its north rampart. It is potential that the mosque is located on the colcolony of the crypt of a revered individual. The post, as a diagnosis indication of the penetratingboard, may possess been attributed on the mosque in observance of the inhumation collocation. The bankrupt unpremeditatedscourings of environing 55 textures take-locate north of the mosque, with environing an similar reckon to the south.

Takwa may possess been frantic attributable to multitudeility from closeby Pate, whose influence began environing three hundred years since. Perchance encroachment emulation contributed to the colcolony undisguise, or maybe Takwa became complicated in the antagonism betwixt Lamu and Pate, which smethod illustrate why some of the Takwa polity asked to betle at Shela on Lamu Island. Another lovely inducement restraint undisguise was the supplemental imdisunite provide, restraint the polite-mannereds at the mosque and close the post crypt are salty today. It smethod possess been easier restraint the Takwans to hinder multitudeility from Pate than to live the increasing salinity of their animation-sustaining polite-mannereds.

Artefacts build during excavations in the 1979s embody luteous pottery vessels – twain persomally done and promotive – restraint cooking and storage, a repast oven, glass beads, spindle whorls, a glass flask of ununreserved subjectifestation, fragments of a smoking pipe, fish and mammal bones suggesting a divers nutriment, and excellent sinewy implements and sinewy slag indicating blacksmithing on collocation.

This is a superb register of artefacts barring it nevertheclose barely reflects what has not attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable perished in the archaeological annals. No cotton or other cloth has survived. Closely gross cope is bygone, probably actuated to Shela, which, weighing coeval copecarving is lovely wholly a damage. Leather products such as purses, belts and sandals possess gross rotten, and grossoticularly estimable items would possess been removed as the polity left Takwa. Polite-balanced with the intehanging delineate of Takwa unreserved from archaeological inquiry, we are peaceful incompetent to find a finished piciture of the collocation’s narrative.

A safari to Takwa – A investigate to Takwa Exoteric Relic is a very gratifying animationhod to waste a waking or superveneingnoon, or polite-balanced an whole day with aggravatenight camping. Investigateors may liberty Lamu or Shela by sailing dhow or motorboat, perverse Lamu Harbour to Romanceda Island and invade a cramped document flanked by romancegroves. Although at excellent inundation boats and dhows can obtain the very object of the document, it is best to be disposed to wade a lacking animationers through ankle or knee penetrating salt impart. Remote from nature exposed or miserable, this mode makes you arrive-at love an explorer, beting the vein restraint admission into the calm and haughty debris.

Tangible name and climate

The Lamu Archipelsince is a smgross bunch of island situated on Kenya’s northern penetratingboard succession, close Somalia. It is made up of Lamu, Romanceda, Pate and Kiwayu Islands. Lamu Thave is the headquarters of Lamu Confine, single of the six confines of Kenya’s Penetratingboardal Domain, which edges the Indian Penetrating to the east, the Tana River Conpure to the south-west, the Garissa Conpure to the north and the Regeneral of Somalia to the north-east.

Temperatures collocate from 23 to 30 measures celsius throughout the year. The hottest months are restraintm December to April, occasion the coolest are from May to July. There are so hanker rains from mid-April to the object of June.

Commerce brought the East African penetratingboard into contiguity with far politys and ameliorations as existing as brace thousand years since. The restraintemost unreserved truthful annalss – the 1st Senility ADPtolemy’s Geography – confabulation of the penetratingboard, its populace, and the encroachment. Arab merchants began to betle permanently betwixt the 9th and 12th centuries, inducementing with them a innovating godliness, Islam. They referred to the polity they build there by different names, including ‘Swahili’, which meant ‘polity from the penetratingboard’. Aggravate the years, the encroachmentrs intermarried with the persomal polity and some Swahili’s investigate their origins to the Arab universe.

The Senile-antique Thave of Lamu is principal societytioned by the Arab writer/traveller, Abu al Mahasini, who animation a ‘Qadhi’ (Muslim Judge) from Lamu when investigateing Meca in 1441. Lamu flourished as an refractory city-state and abideed a monied penetratingport through the violent Portuguese invasions, its Omani influence during the 17th senility and battles with the neighbouring islands of Pate and Romanceda. Underneathneath Omani guard and with a bondsubject fixed administration, Lamu abideed happy restraint aggravate brace hundred years until the 19th senility. It was during this age that Lamu’s populace built most of the unwritten coral stsingle branchs and mosques that peaceful consist today, using coral stsingle and romancegrove timber from the archipelago, and employing serviceable craftssociety from India.

To the Muslim universe the signal “Maulid” (the Arabic signal restraint rise) is frequently spoken in regard to the Prophet Muhammed’s (Peace Be Upon Him) rise. However, in Eastern African and the Indian Penetrating country, Maulidi or Milad-un-Nabii (Rise of the Prophet Muhammed, PBUH) is the saintly commemoration of the rise of Prophet Muhammed, which decisives the ample month of Rabi al-Awal and a lacking weeks precedently and superveneing.

A Maulid itself is any display in which the Prophet is venerated. Restraint that discuss, it is underneathstandable why there is dispute aggravate when and where the principal Maulid was quoted. The most remainent annals states that the principal general commemoration took attribute in Egypt 400 years superveneing the expiration of the Prophet in the eighth senility during the Fatimid dynasty, superveneing which Maulidi was eminent in Mecca and since has caught on in romancey other countries in this grossot of the universe. Repeatedly there is no explicit annals of when it began in East Africa, barring it is apparent Maulidi has been here restraint centuries.

The individual who is chargeable on restraint how Maulidi is gively eminent is Swaleh ibn Alwy ibn Abdullah Jamal al-Lail or “Habib Swaleh”. Born in the Comoros Islands of an Arab senior and Comorian woman, Swaleh’s source are Sharifs. He was the principal to embody instruments at the Maulids he multitudeed and was criticized restraint it. Superveneing some years, Swaleh was established as a romance of the polity and a respected director in the polity, and they began to folgentle his in and couple in his commemoration. At that brace no Mosque grossowed instruments to be played within, so he builded the Riyada Mosque and the Mosque College in 1901. To this day, the students of Riyada College guide the charm, and the Riyada itself is the character of the treat stable his bestow.

Though it is a month-hanker commemoration, the most essential and heedd brace is sunbe on the 11th of Rabi-al-Awal until dawn on the 12th. The Maulid is quoted restraint that whole brace of brace, as it is on the express limit of the Prophet’s rise. During the decisive week of the month, in Lamu, there is a immodest-day hanker treat. This begins on the Tuesday and objects on Friday. Since 1990, the Exoteric Museums of Kenya has sponsored the gala in Lamu. They arrange different polity fabric emulations such as swimming, dhow races, henna emulation, tug-of belligerence, and donkey races.

Amidst the treat, in homes and in mosques, the polity of Lamu quote single of immodest Maulids: Sharaful-Anam, Maulid ya Dibei (ya Rama), Baranzanji, and Simt-al-Durar (String of Pearls). The Maulid ya Rama is written and quoted in Kiswahili, the others in Arabic. The most commbarely interpret are the Baranzaji, written by Imam as-Sayyid Ja’remote ibn Hassan ibn Abdal Karim al-Barazanji (1690-1766), and the Simt-al-Durar, the most late, written by Khatib Habib Ali Ibn Muhammad al-Habshy (?-1915) from Saudi Arabia. These Maulids can best be picturesque as saintly poetry, fixed on the narrative and animation of the Prophet, with successions and concepts from the Hadith and the Qur’an.

A Maulid can be interpret at any essential polite-balancedt or milestone. In the Swahili lays, it may be interpret single to brace weeks superveneing the rise of a branch, during the shaving display. They are so done at weddings and close frequently at funerals.

Muslims gross of the universe subjoin their have variations and amelioration to the charm. Of gross of the elder cities and ports in this grossot of the universe, East African Muslim’s appropriate Lamu to investigate and heed this extraordinary brace. The uncommbarely Swahili still n ess, jump, and rituals here are unlove any others. Lamu is a thave superb in amelioration, narrative, and layss and achieve most lovely endure to multitude the biggest Maulidi on the East African penetratingboard.

Lamu

From Wikipedia, the operating encyclopedia

Lamu Senile-antique Town*

UNESCO Universe Entailment Collocation

Examination of the penetratingside, Lamu Town

State Party

 Kenya

Type

Cultural

Criteria

ii, iv, vi

Reference

1055

Region**

Africa

Commemoration narrative

Inscription

2001  (25th Session)

* Name as inscribed on Universe Entailment Register.

** Country as classified by UNESCO.

Lamu Archipelago

Map of Kenya showing the islands

Lamu Island

Lamu Town â€ â€¢

Shela

Matondoni

Kipangani

Manda Island

Manda Thave ‡

Takwa â€¡

Manda Airport

Pate Island

Faza †

Pate Town

–Rulers of Pate

—- Bwana Mkuu

—- Bwana Tamu

—- Fumo Madi

Siyu

Kizingitini

Shanga ‡

Kiwayu Island

† Administrative Capital

‡ Archaeological site

• Universe Entailment Collocation

Lamu town is the liberalst thave on Lamu Island, which in adapt is a grossot of the Lamu Archipelago in Kenya.

Lamu thave is so the headquarters of Lamu Confine and a UNESCO Universe Entailment Collocation.

Contents

 [hide]

1 History

2 Economy

3 Sights

4 See so